**Table Description:**

This table is
available for
**ADQL** queries and through the
TAP endpoint.

**Resource Description:**

This is gaia_source from the Gaia early Data Release 3, stripped to just enough columns to enable basic science (but therefore a bit faster and simpler to deal with than the full gaia_source table).

Note that on this server, there is also The gedr3dist.main, which gives distances computed by Bailer-Jones et al. Use these in preference to working with the raw parallaxes.

This server also carries the gedr3mock schema containing a simulation of gaia_source based on a state-of-the-art galaxy model, computed by Rybizki et al.

For a list of **all services and tables** belonging
to this table's
resource, see Information on resource 'Selections from Gaia early Data Release 3 (eDR3)'

To cite the **table as such**, we suggest the following
BibTeX entry:

@MISC{vo:gaia_edr3lite, year=2020, title={Gaia eDR3 source catalogue "light"}, author={{GAIA} Collaboration}, url={http://dc.zah.uni-heidelberg.de/tableinfo/gaia.edr3lite}, howpublished={{VO} resource provided by the {GAVO} Data Center} }

Sorted alphabetically. [Sort by DB column index]

Name | Table Head | Description | Unit | UCD |
---|---|---|---|---|

astrometric_excess_noise | ε_i | This is the excess noise of the source, measuring the disagreement, expressed as an angle, between the observations of a source and the best-fitting standard astrometric model (using five astrometric parameters). A value of 0 signifies a well-behaved source, a positive value signifies that the residuals are larger than expected. | mas | stat.fit.goodness |

astrometric_params_solved | PS | This is a binary code indicating which astrometric parameters were estimated for the source. A set bit means the parameter was estimated. The least-significant bit represents α, the next bits δ, parallax, PM(RA) and PM(De). For Gaia DR2 the only relevant values are 31 (all five parameters solved) and 3 (only positions). | N/A | meta.code |

dec | Dec (ICRS) | Barycentric Declination in ICRS at epoch J2016.0 | deg | pos.eq.dec;meta.main |

dec_error | Err. Dec | Standard error of dec | mas | stat.error;pos.eq.dec |

dr2_radial_velocity | RV | Spectroscopic radial velocity in the solar barycentric reference frame taken from DR2. The radial velocity provided is the median value of the radial velocity measurements at all epochs. | km/s | spect.dopplerVeloc |

dr2_radial_velocity_error | Err. RV | The radial velocity error is the error on the median to which a constant noise floor of 0.11 km/s has been added in quadrature to take into account the calibration contribution. Again, this is just taken over from DR2. | km/s | stat.error;spect.dopplerVeloc |

parallax | Parallax | Absolute barycentric stellar parallax of the source at the reference epoch J2016.0. If looking for a distance, consider joining with gedr3dist.main and using the distances from there. | mas | pos.parallax |

parallax_error | Parallax_error | Standard error of parallax | mas | stat.error;pos.parallax |

phot_bp_mean_flux_over_error | SNR BP | Integrated mean BP flux divided by its error. Errors are computed from the dispersion about the weighted mean of the input calibrated photometry. [Note e] | N/A | stat.snr;phot.flux;em.opt.B |

phot_bp_mean_mag | Mag BP | Mean magnitude in the integrated BP band. This is computed from the BP-band mean flux applying the magnitude zero-point in the Vega scale. To obtain error estimates, see phot_bp_mean_flux_over_error. | mag | phot.mag;em.opt.B |

phot_bp_rp_excess_factor | BP/RP excess | BP/RP excess factor estimated from the comparison of the sum of integrated BP and RP fluxes with respect to the flux in the G band. This measures the excess of flux in the BP and RP integrated photometry with respect to the G band. This excess is believed to be caused by background and contamination issues affecting the BP and RP data. Therefore a large value of this factor for a given source indicates systematic errors in the BP and RP photometry. | N/A | stat.fit.goodness |

phot_g_mean_flux_over_error | SNR G | Integrated mean G flux divided by its error. Errors are computed from the dispersion about the weighted mean of the input calibrated photometry. [Note e] | s**-1 | stat.snr;phot.flux;em.opt;stat.mean |

phot_g_mean_mag | m_G | Mean magnitude in the G band. This is computed from the G-band mean flux applying the magnitude zero-point in the Vega scale. To obtain error estimates, see phot_g_mean_flux_over_error. | mag | phot.mag;em.opt;stat.mean |

phot_rp_mean_flux_over_error | SNR RP | Integrated mean RP flux divided by its error. Errors are computed from the dispersion about the weighted mean of the input calibrated photometry. [Note e] | N/A | stat.snr;phot.flux;em.opt.R |

phot_rp_mean_mag | Mag RP | Mean magnitude in the integrated RP band. This is computed from the RP-band mean flux applying the magnitude zero-point in the Vega scale. To obtain error estimates, see phot_rp_mean_flux_over_error. | mag | phot.mag;em.opt.R |

pmdec | µ(Dec) | Proper motion in declination at J2016.0. | mas/yr | pos.pm;pos.eq.dec |

pmdec_error | Err. PM(Dec) | Standard error of pmdec | mas/yr | stat.error;pos.pm;pos.eq.dec |

pmra | µ(RA) | Proper motion in right ascension of the source in ICRS at J2016.0. This is the tangent plane projection of the proper motion vector in the direction of increasing right ascension. | mas/yr | pos.pm;pos.eq.ra |

pmra_error | Err. PM(RA) | Standard error of pmra | mas/yr | stat.error;pos.pm;pos.eq.ra |

pseudocolour | P.-colour | Effective wavenumber of the source estimated in the final astrometric processing. The pseudocolour is the astrometrically estimated effective wavenumber of the photon flux distribution in the astrometric (G) band, estimated from the chromatic displacements of image centroids. The field is empty when chromaticity was instead taken into account using the photometrically determined ν_eff given in the field nu_eff_used_in_astrometry. | um**-1 | em.wavenumber;phot.color |

pseudocolour_error | Err. PC | Standard error of the pseudocolour. | um**-1 | stat.error;em.wavenumber;phot.color |

ra | RA (ICRS) | Barycentric Right Ascension in ICRS at epoch J2016.0 | deg | pos.eq.ra;meta.main |

ra_error | Err. RA | Standard error of ra (with cos δ applied). | mas | stat.error;pos.eq.ra |

random_index | Random | Random index that can be used to deterministically select subsets | N/A | meta.code |

ruwe | RUWE | Renormalized Unit Weight Error; this is a revised measure for the overall consistency of the solution as defined by GAIA-C3-TN-LU-LL-124-01. A suggested cut on this is RUWE <1.40) See the note for details. [Note ruwe] | N/A | stat.weight |

source_id | Source Id | Gaia eDR3 unique source identifier. Note that this *cannot* be matched against the DR1 or DR2 source_ids. [Note id] | N/A | meta.id;meta.main |

visibility_periods_used | #VP | Number of visibility periods (groups of observations at least 4 days apart) used in the astrometric solution. A small value (less than 10) indicates that the calculated parallax could be more vulnerable to error not reflected in the formal uncertainties. | N/A | meta.number;obs |

Columns that are parts of indices are marked like this.

VO nerds may sometimes need VOResource XML for this table.

**Copyright and such:**

If you use public Gaia eDR3 data in a paper, please take note of ESAC's guide on how to acknowledge and cite it.