The fifth U.S. Naval Observatory CCD Astrograph Catalog (UCAC5)

New astrometric reductions of the US Naval Observatory CCD Astrograph Catalog (UCAC) all-sky observations were performed from first principles using the TGAS stars in the 8 to 11 magnitude range as reference star catalog. Significant improvements in the astrometric solutions were obtained and the UCAC5 catalog of mean positions at a mean epoch near 2001 was generated. By combining UCAC5 with Gaia DR1 data new proper motions on the Gaia coordinate system for over 107 million stars were obtained with typical accuracies of 1 to 2 mas/yr (R = 11 to 15 mag), and about 5 mas/yr at 16th mag. Proper motions of most TGAS stars are improved over their Gaia data and the precision level of TGAS proper motions is extended to many millions more, fainter stars. The database table uses actual NULLs for missing photometry, and all angular coordinates have been homogenised to degrees.
Coordinates (as h m s, d m s or decimal degrees), or SIMBAD-resolvable object
Search radius in arcminutes
Gaia DR1 G magnitude
Mean UCAC model magnitude (20 in the source is mapped to NULL)
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