Information on Service 'HDAP -- Heidelberg Digitized Astronomical Plates'

Scans of plates kept at Landessternwarte Heidelberg-Königstuhl. They were obtained at location, at the German-Spanish Astronomical Center (Calar Alto Observatory), Spain, and at La Silla, Chile. The plates cover a time span between 1880 and 1999. Specifically, HDAP is essentially complete for the plates taken with the Bruce telescope, the Walz reflector, and Wolf's Doppelastrograph at both the original location in Heidelberg and its later home on Königstuhl.

For a list of all services and tables belonging to this service's resource, see Information on resource 'HDAP -- Heidelberg Digitized Astronomical Plates'

Service Documentation

The scanning of the plate archive at Landessternwarte Heidelberg was initiated by Holger Mandel and Kurt Birkle in 2006 and was funded by the Klaus-Tschira-Foundation. Almost all usable direct plates in the archives are now scanned, and the funded phase of the project is over. Only minor additions are expected any more.

Sources

The plate archive consists of plates from many different sources. The following table gives an overview of the instruments at which the plates were taken:

plate letter name eff. focal length [mm] aperture ratio scale [as/mm] plate size latitude longitude height
A Calar Alto Schmidt telescope 2400 f/3 86 24x24cm 37.22417 N +2.5375 W 2168 m
B Königstuhl Bruce telescope 2000 f/5 103 24x30cm or 30x30cm 49.39861 N -8.72083 E 560 m
C 1.23m in Casseg. focus with corrector 9857 f/8 20.9 24x24cm 37.22361 N +2.5461 W 2138 m
D 72cm Walz- Reflektor 2815 f/3.9 73.3 13x18cm or 9x12cm 49.39861 N -8.72083 E 560 m
E 2.2m in Cassegrain focus with corrector 17037 f/7.744 12.1 20x25cm (8x10in) or 24x24 cm 37.22361 N +2.5461 W 2138 m
F 3.5m in primary focus with 3-lens corrector 13761 f/3.93 15 20x25cm (8x10in) 37.22361 N +2.5461 W 2138 m
F 3.5m in primary focus with 2-lens corrector 12195 f/3.48 16.9 12.5x20 (5x8in) 37.22361 N +2.5461 W 2138 m
H 2.2m MPG ESO/La Silla 17679 f/8 12 20x25cm -29.257225 S +70.734595 W 2335 m
G Wolf's Doppel- astrograph (15cm) on Königstuhl (7/1897-1909) 900mm f/6 230 13x18cm or 9x12cm +49.39861 N -8.72083 E 560m
G Wolf's Doppel- astrograph (15cm) in Märzgasse (1887-7/1897) 900mm f/6 230 13x18cm or 9x12cm +49.60988 N -8.69387 E 110m

Unfortunately, instrument data on the 2.2m MPG telescope on La Silla are lost. If anyone can help out, please contact gavo@ari.uni-heidelberg.de.

The Observation logs of the more ancient observations are available from UB Heidelberg.

More Information

The project was discussed on a poster shown at the 2007 meeting of the Astronomische Gesellschaft in Würzburg.

A slightly more technical article appeared in the proceedings of the 2014 Astroplate conference.

Trivia

This is what the photographic plates these scans were prepared from look like --

/lswscans/res/positions/q/static/bruceplate.jpg

The archive of plates from Wolf's eight-inch telescope --

/lswscans/res/positions/q/static/eightarchive.jpg

The Bruce archive -- the rack's bend indicates the plates are kept beneath an observatory dome --

/lswscans/res/positions/q/static/platearchive.jpg

The scanner used by this project (Heidelberg Nexscan F4100; the resolution is 100 pixels per millimeter at 200 pixels per millimeter optical scanner resolution) --

/lswscans/res/positions/q/static/scanner.jpg

Overview

You can access this service using:

This service is published as follows:

local means it is listed on our front page, ivo_managed means it has a record in the VO registry.

Other services provided on the underlying data include:

Spatial Coverage

Input Fields

The following fields are available to provide input to the service (with some renderers, some of these fields may be unavailable):

NameTable Head DescriptionUnitUCD
cutoutSize Cutout size Size of the cutout image [degrees] deg N/A
dateObs Obs. date Epoch at midpoint of observation d VOX:Image_MJDateObs
FORMAT Output format Requested format of the image data N/A N/A
hFORMAT Output format Requested format of the image data N/A N/A
hINTERSECT Intersection type Relation of image and specified Region of Interest. N/A N/A
hPOS Position ICRS Position, RA,DEC, or Simbad object (e.g., 234.234,-32.45) deg pos.eq
hSIZE Field size Size in decimal degrees (e.g., 0.2 or 1,0.1) deg N/A
INTERSECT Intersection type Relation of image and specified Region of Interest. N/A N/A
MAXREC Match limit Maximum number of records returned. Pass 0 to retrieve service parameters. N/A N/A
POS Position ICRS Position, RA,DEC decimal degrees (e.g., 234.234,-32.46) deg pos.eq
RESPONSEFORMAT Output Format File format requested for output. N/A meta.code.mime
SIZE Field size Size in decimal degrees (e.g., 0.2 or 1,0.1) deg N/A
VERB Verbosity Exhaustiveness of column selection. VERB=1 only returns the most important columns, VERB=2 selects the columns deemed useful to the average user, VERB=3 returns a table with all available columns. N/A N/A

Default Output Fields

The following fields are contained in the output by default. More fields may be available for selection; these would be given below in the VOTable output fields.

NameTable Head DescriptionUnitUCD
accref Product key Access key for the data N/A meta.ref.url
accsize File size Size of the data in bytes byte VOX:Image_FileSize
bandpassHi Band upper Upper limit of the bandpass (in BandPass_Unit units) m VOX:BandPass_HiLimit
bandpassId Bandpass Freeform name of the bandpass used N/A VOX:BandPass_ID
bandpassLo Band lower Lower limit of the bandpass (in BandPass_Unit units) m VOX:BandPass_LoLimit
bandpassRefval Band Ref. Characteristic quantity for the bandpass of the image m VOX:BandPass_RefValue
bandpassUnit Bandpass unit Unit of bandpass specifications (always m). N/A VOX:BandPass_Unit
centerAlpha Ctr. RA Approximate center of image, RA deg POS_EQ_RA_MAIN
centerDelta Ctr. Dec Approximate center of image, Dec deg POS_EQ_DEC_MAIN
coverage Coverage Field covered by the image deg N/A
dateObs Obs. date Epoch at midpoint of observation d VOX:Image_MJDateObs
endTime End UT at end of exposure d time.end;obs
exposure Exp. time Effective exposure time s time.duration;obs.exposure
filter Filter Filter description N/A meta.code;instr.filter;meta.main
imageTitle Title Synthetic name of the image N/A VOX:Image_Title
instId Instrument Identifier of the originating instrument N/A INST_ID
mime Type MIME type of the file served N/A meta.code.mime
nAxes #axes Number of axes in data N/A VOX:Image_Naxes
object Targ. Obj. Special object on plate N/A meta.id
pixelScale Scales The pixel scale on each image axis deg/pix VOX:Image_Scale
pixelSize Axes Lengths Number of pixels along each of the axes pix VOX:Image_Naxis
pixflags P. Flags Flags specifying the processing done (C-original; F-resampled; Z-fluxes valid; X-not resampled; V-for display only N/A VOX:Image_PixFlags
plateID Plate Plate name as specified in observation catalogue N/A N/A
pub_did Pub. DID Dataset identifier assigned by the publisher. N/A meta.ref.uri;meta.curation
refFrame Ref. Frame Coordinate system reference frame N/A VOX:STC_CoordRefFrame
startTime Start UT at start of exposure d time.start;obs
wcs_cdmatrix CD matrix FITS WCS CDij matrix deg/pix VOX:WCS_CDMatrix
wcs_equinox Equinox Equinox of the given coordinates yr VOX:STC_CoordEquinox
wcs_projection Proj. FITS WCS projection type N/A VOX:WCS_CoordProjection
wcs_refPixel Ref. pixel WCS reference pixel pix VOX:WCS_CoordRefPixel
wcs_refValues Ref. values World coordinates at WCS reference pixel deg VOX:WCS_CoordRefValue

VOTable Output Fields

The following fields are available in VOTable output. The verbosity level is a number intended to represent the relative importance of the field on a scale of 1 to 30. The services take a VERB argument. A field is included in the output if their verbosity level is less or equal VERB*10.

NameTable Head DescriptionUnitUCD Verb. Level
centerAlpha Ctr. RA Approximate center of image, RA deg POS_EQ_RA_MAIN 0
centerDelta Ctr. Dec Approximate center of image, Dec deg POS_EQ_DEC_MAIN 0
imageTitle Title Synthetic name of the image N/A VOX:Image_Title 0
dateObs Obs. date Epoch at midpoint of observation d VOX:Image_MJDateObs 0
accref Product key Access key for the data N/A meta.ref.url 1
pub_did Pub. DID Dataset identifier assigned by the publisher. N/A meta.ref.uri;meta.curation 5
bandpassId Bandpass Freeform name of the bandpass used N/A VOX:BandPass_ID 10
accsize File size Size of the data in bytes byte VOX:Image_FileSize 11
pixelScale Scales The pixel scale on each image axis deg/pix VOX:Image_Scale 12
instId Instrument Identifier of the originating instrument N/A INST_ID 15
pixelSize Axes Lengths Number of pixels along each of the axes pix VOX:Image_Naxis 15
exposure Exp. time Effective exposure time s time.duration;obs.exposure 15
object Targ. Obj. Special object on plate N/A meta.id 15
filter Filter Filter description N/A meta.code;instr.filter;meta.main 15
startTime Start UT at start of exposure d time.start;obs 15
endTime End UT at end of exposure d time.end;obs 15
plateID Plate Plate name as specified in observation catalogue N/A N/A 15
mime Type MIME type of the file served N/A meta.code.mime 20
nAxes #axes Number of axes in data N/A VOX:Image_Naxes 20
refFrame Ref. Frame Coordinate system reference frame N/A VOX:STC_CoordRefFrame 20
wcs_equinox Equinox Equinox of the given coordinates yr VOX:STC_CoordEquinox 20
wcs_projection Proj. FITS WCS projection type N/A VOX:WCS_CoordProjection 20
wcs_refPixel Ref. pixel WCS reference pixel pix VOX:WCS_CoordRefPixel 20
wcs_refValues Ref. values World coordinates at WCS reference pixel deg VOX:WCS_CoordRefValue 20
wcs_cdmatrix CD matrix FITS WCS CDij matrix deg/pix VOX:WCS_CDMatrix 20
bandpassUnit Bandpass unit Unit of bandpass specifications (always m). N/A VOX:BandPass_Unit 20
bandpassRefval Band Ref. Characteristic quantity for the bandpass of the image m VOX:BandPass_RefValue 20
bandpassHi Band upper Upper limit of the bandpass (in BandPass_Unit units) m VOX:BandPass_HiLimit 20
bandpassLo Band lower Lower limit of the bandpass (in BandPass_Unit units) m VOX:BandPass_LoLimit 20
pixflags P. Flags Flags specifying the processing done (C-original; F-resampled; Z-fluxes valid; X-not resampled; V-for display only N/A VOX:Image_PixFlags 20
coverage Coverage Field covered by the image deg N/A 20
airmass Airmass Airmass at mean epoch N/A obs.airMass 21
emulsion Emulsion Emulsion of the original plate N/A instr.plate.emulsion 21
observer Observer Observer N/A obs.observer 21
owner Owner Owner of the data N/A N/A 25
embargo Embargo ends Date the data will become/became public a N/A 25

VOResource XML (that's something exclusively for VO nerds)